In addition to the three macronutrients, your body needs a variety of vitamins and minerals, too. Each vitamin and mineral plays a different role in your body; for example, vitamin D helps your body absorb the mineral calcium to create strong bones, while the mineral iron helps form hemoglobin in the blood. Other important vitamins and minerals include -- but are not limited to -- folate, magnesium, selenium, zinc and vitamins A, D, E, K and B complex. Although taking a multivitamin daily can help boost your health, the CDC recommends getting the vitamins and minerals you need from eating a balanced diet. Additionally, to avoid high blood pressure and other potential diseases, decrease the amount of sodium you eat; this is most easily done by preparing meals at home and choosing fresh foods over boxed or canned items.
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